The 2001 UNESCO Underwater Cultural Heritage Convention and Taiwan’s Domestic Legal Regime
NIEN-TSU ALFRED HU
The United Nations Educational, Scientiﬁc and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) adopted the Convention on the Protection of the Underwater Cultural Heritage (the UCH Convention) on November 2, 2001. The Convention created a comprehensive legal framework for the preservation, protection, and management of underwater cultural heritage. This article illustrates that the UCH Convention not only supplements, but also substantively amends, the relevant rules contained in the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea. This article, using the domestic legislation of Taiwan as an example, demonstrates some of the difﬁculties of implementing the UCH Convention into national law.
Keywords: Taiwan, underwater cultural heritage, UNESCO Convention on the Protection of Underwater Cultural Heritage