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Nien-Tsu Alfred Hu, "Fishing Entities: Their Emergence, Evolution, and Practice from Taiwan’s Perspective", Ocean Development & International Law, Vol. 37, No. 2, pp. 149-184


Fishing Entities: Their Emergence, Evolution, and Practice from Taiwan’s Perspective




The 1995 U.N. Fish Stocks Agreement was intended to promote effective implementation of the provisions of the U.N. Convention on the Law of the Sea concerning straddling fish stocks and highly migratory fish stocks. The Agreement has provided an opportunity for Taiwan, a major fishing nation, to gain formal access to regional fisheries management organizations through the creation of a new legal term and concept of “fishing entities.”


This article reviews the references to “fishing entities” in the international literature before the final adoption of the U.N. Fish Stocks Agreement and the way that Taiwan read the “window of opportunity” provided by this Agreement. This article then presents the evolution of the practice respecting the term of “fishing entities” in various regional fisheries management organizations. Finally, this article provides an analytical assessment of the evolution and future development of the term and concept of “fishing entities.”



Keywords: Antigua Convention, fishing entities, IATTC, ISC, Taiwan, U.N. Fish Stocks Agreement, WCPFC

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